Kentucky Department of Agriculture ignores hemp crimes

Kentucky Department of Agriculture ignores hemp crime Bluegrass Natural Remedies, a Kentucky Department of Agriculture extension, 7606 hemp research and development company, announced updates into its boards request for a state and federal investigation into an ongoing criminal enterprise and possible corruption.

Company CEO and lead hemp researcher, Joe Brown, says after four attempts to contact Kentucky Department of Agriulture Commissioner Ryan Quarels, his office responded. “The KDA told us that they were very happy to receive our email and if we have and crimes to report we should contact law enforcement.

Ohio will be the next state to vote on marijuana legalization

The legalization group ResponsibleOhio collected enough signatures to get it on the ballot for November 3, according to Ohio secretary of state Jon Husted. Voters will decide whether to legalize marijuana for medical and recreational use.

ResponsibleOhio collected 320,267 petition signatures, exceeding the ballot requirement by nearly 15,000, for the proposed amendment to the Ohio Constitution. “By reforming marijuana laws in November, we’ll provide compassionate care to sick Ohioans, bring money back to our local communities and establish a new industry with limitless economic development opportunities,” said Ian James, executive director of ResponsibleOhio.
If the voters approve it, Ohio would be the fifth state to legalize marijuana for recreational use. People aged 21 or older would be allowed to possess up to an ounce. Growers would be required to get a license, and that would allow them four plants and eight ounces.

Recreational pot is already legal in Colorado, Washington, Oregon and Alaska, as well as Washington, D.C. Medical marijuana is legal in 23 states and D.C., according to the Marijuana Policy Project. Ohio’s proposed amendment outlines a system where 10 different marijuana farms would be established in 10 different counties, including Hamilton, where Cincinnati is located. The proposal specifies the location and size of the plots.

Facilities that make marijuana-infused products would be licensed and regulated by the state to control potency and to make sure “that the products are not manufactured, packaged, or advertised in ways that create a substantial risk of attractiveness to children.” A flat tax of 15% would be imposed on the farms and manufacturing facilities. A tax of 5% would be imposed on the gross revenue of marijuana stores. The exact wording of the proposed amendment still needs get finalized by the Ohio Ballot Board, which meets on August 18.

Adam Orens, managing director of the Marijuana Policy Group, said the 10-farm proposal would squelch fair and open competition. He said that such a system is unprecedented. “I can’t help but think the 10 cultivations, identified by specific location in the petition, are an amazing cash-grab by the proponents of the petition,” Orens said. “I would be surprised if the voters of Ohio don’t see right through this.” The proposal allows for additional farm licenses if warranted, Orens said. “But that would not occur for several years allowing those that get in the door first an unfair head start, seemingly without an open competition for the initial 10 cultivation licenses,” he added. ResponsibleOhio did not immediately respond to CNNMoney’s request for comment.

Ohio would be the first state to legalize recreational cannabis without a pre-existing medical marijuana program. This presents unique challenges in getting a retail program off the ground. Colorado already had a well-established medical dispensary system when recreational marijuana was legalized, so the process of converting some of those dispensaries to recreational retail was relatively fluid. But in Oregon, where recreational weed became legal last month, it will probably be a year before the state opens its first retail stores. This is because Oregon’s system of medical dispensaries is less extensive than it was in Colorado. Marijuana is still illegal under federal law, and that creates problems even in states where it’s legal. For instance, marijuana businesses face challenges with banking. Financial institutions, which are regulated by the federal government, tend to shun dispensaries. There are also issues with advertising. Neos, a vaporizer company, got its TV ad blocked in Colorado because the federal government regulates the airwaves.


For those who count themselves among the cannabis culture, many understand THC, trichomes, and even cannabinoids like CBD. But what about terpenes? Or is that terpenoids? What are these sibling resins within the cannabis flower and what function do they play?

Terpenes, which are aromatic compounds, are hydrocarbons that are produced by a wide range of plants, not just cannabis. Terpenoids are simply terpenes that have been chemically altered. They are most noted for producing the pungent smell that characterizes marijuana, both when it is growing and after it has been harvested.

More Than Smell

Terpenes and terpenoids, however, play a larger role than the mere production of odor. Like amino acids, they are powerful building blocks within the plant’s physiology that aid in the production of vitamins, hormones, pigments, resins, and — yes, that most cherished part of the herb — cannabinoids. Cannabis plants release more terpenes when temperatures are higher.

Cannabis plants can produce more than 120 terpenes. Like cannabinoids, terpenes are produced in the trichomes and constitute roughly 10 to 20 percent of the total resin in the trichome. It is estimated that 10 to 30 percent of smoke resin produced by marijuana comes from terpenes and terpenoids.

What are Marijuana Terpenes?

Terpenes also play a therapeutic role in medicinal applications of cannabis. They bind to both neurological and cannabinoid receptors in the body and brain and sometimes regulate the permeability of cell membranes. This allows terpenes to do things like control the amount of THC that a cell in the body can ingest. Thus, a strain with the right mix of cannabinoids and terpenes could result in a finely tuned medicine for a particular disease or ailment.

The most common terpene in cannabis is Myrcene, which is also found in high amounts in mangos, hops, and lemon grass. It delivers a variety of therapeutic benefits, including antimicrobial, antiseptic, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogen. Myrcene also helps more THC to reach brain cells. As the most common terpene, most cannabis users will be very familiar with its smell: Earthy, green vegetable-like, and sometimes carrying hints of citrus or fruit.

In fact, this is the source of the rumor that one can eat mangos, which contain large amounts of Myrcene, before smoking marijuana to amplify the effect of the THC. Because the cannabinoid THC itself has no smell, drug dogs can’t detect it. Thus, they must be taught to go after a terpene instead. Most are trained to seek out the smelly Caryophyllene oxide terpene.

Terpenes also play a protective role in the cannabis plant, helping it fight off bacteria, fungus, and insects. For gardeners, terpenes are both good and bad: While they protect the plant from fungus and infestation, they also notify human visitors or neighbors that cannabis plants are in flower and there’s about to be a harvest.

The next time you detect an especially aromatic variety of cannabis, don’t think THC or CBD, but instead remember the humble terpene. Without these amazing and therapeutic chemicals, countless strains of cannabis, like all varieties of Skunk, would have no name.